Gum Recession, What are The Causes?

Gum recession is when the gums are worn down exposing more tooth increasing sensitivity as more of the lower part of the teeth are exposed, roots can be exposed creating longer looking teeth.

Roots that are exposed are at a higher risk of decay. Gum recession is one sign of gum disease but it can also be caused by other problems that will require dental assistance.

The teeth exposure from gums that are receding make it easier for bacteria to move below the gums which can cause inflammation. People who have hidden bacteria often suffer from bad breath and are at risk of tooth loss in the worst cases.

It is important to seek treatment for gum recession because the gums cannot grow back and if it goes untreated tooth loss can occur.

The slow process of gums recession often goes undetected until the teeth become sensitive or until teeth gaps are noticeable. Often pain from drinking a warm or cold beverage occurs. It may become hard to chew warm or cold foods. If think you maybe affected by receding gums have it checked sooner rather than later. The quicker it can be detected the better the outcome will be.


Gum Recession Causes

Common causes of gum recession include but are not limited to:

  • Genetics – For some people, genetics can increase the risk for the development of gum disease. Do not count yourself out. People affected by genetics can still prevent or control gum recession with good oral hygiene.
  • Periodontal Disease – An infection in the mouth that affects the structures around teeth, it can destroy structures that support your teeth in the bone and gum tissue.
  • Trauma- Traumatic injury can cause gum tissue to recede when an injury happens to one or more teeth.
  • Tooth Brushing – The wrong brushing technique can cause more damage that good by wearing down your tooth structure, which can contribute to gum recession.
  • Body Piercings – Jewelry that is exposed to the inside of the mouth can cause gum irritation and cause gum recession.
  • Poor Dental Hygiene – Not brushing and flossing your teeth regularly will cause plaque to buildup creating an environment in your mouth that supports the development of gum disease.
  • Tobacco – Tobacco products can damage gum tissues. It decreases the amount of blood supplied to the gums. Tobacco use is a secondary cause of periodontal disease.
  • Bruxism – Grinding and clenching your teeth, the repeated pressure on the teeth can cause teeth shifting and gum recession.
  • Misalignment – If your bite is not correct, then your teeth are not coming together correctly which may cause more pressure on certain parts of the gum and bone tissue leading to gum recession.


Contact the Offices of ADC Dental in Joplin, MO today to schedule your appointment.